Researchers

A list of important and noteworthy researchers of Fortean subject matter.

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[ Before The 1900’s ] :


Franz Anton Mesmer (Born: May 23rd 1734, Work Began: 1774 / Age 40, Died: March 5th 1815 / Aged 80) Doctor and theorist who invented the concept of “animal magnetism”. The word “Mesmerism” is derived from his name.


The Fox Sisters (Work Began: 1848) – Leah Fox (Born: April 8th 1813, Work Began: 1848 / Age 35, Died: November 1st 1890 / Aged 77), Margaretta “Maggie” Fox (Born: October 7th 1833, Work Began: 1848 / Age 14, Died: March 8th 1893 / Aged 60) and Catherine “Kate” Fox (Born: March 27th 1837, Work Began: 1848 / Age 11, Died: July 2nd 1892 / Aged 55). There claims of spirit communication is credited with founding the spiritualist movement.

– Claimed to be in communication with spirits (1848) –
– Said their claims were a publicity stunt (1888) –

– Recanted their earlier statement (1889) –


Catherine Ann Crowe (Maiden name: Stevens, Born: September 20th 1803, Work Began: 1848 / Age 45, Died: June 14th 1876 / Aged 72) English author and playwright turned ghost story collector and investigator.


Charles John Huffam Dickens (Born: February 7th 1812, Work Began 1860s / Age 40s – 50s, Died: June 9th 1870 / Aged 58) English writer, mesmerist and researcher of anomalous phenomenon.

– Joined The Ghost Club (1862) –


Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (Born: May 22nd 1859, Work Began: 1887 / Age 28, Died: July 7th 1930 / Aged 71) British writer, spiritualist and researcher of anomalous phenomenon.

– Declared himself to be a spiritualist (1887) –
– Joined the Society for Psychical Research (1893) –
– Joined The Ghost Club (Late 1800s) –


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[ Work Began 1900 ] :


Hereward Carrington (Born: October 17th 1880, Work Began: 1907 / Age 27, Died: December 26th 1958 / Aged 78) British-born American investigator of psychic phenomena.

– Joined the American Society For Psychical Research (ASPR) (1907) –


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[ Work Began 1910 ] :


Charles Hoy Fort (Born: August 6th 1874, Work Began: 1919 / Age 45, Died: May 3rd 1932 / Aged 57) Anomalous phenomena collector.

⦁ The Book of the Damned (1919)
⦁ New Lands (1923)
⦁ Lo! (1931)
⦁ Wild Talents (1932)


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[ Work Began 1920 ] :


Harry Price (Born: January 17th 1881, Work Began: 1920 / Age 39, Died: March 29th 1948 / Aged 67) British psychic researcher.

– Joined the Society for Psychical Research (SPR) (1920) –
– Joined The Ghost Club (1927) –


Joseph Banks “J.B” Rhine (Born: September 29th 1895, Work Began: 1926 / Age 31, Died: February 20th 198 / Aged 84) American botanist credited with founding parapsychology.


Louisa Ella Rhine (Maiden name: Weckesser, Born: November 9th 1891, Work Began: 1926 / Age 35, Died: March 17th 1983 / Aged 91) American botanist and parapsychologist.


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[ Work Began 1930 ] :


Karl Edward Zener (Born: April 22nd 1903, Work Began: 1930’s / Age: late 20s-30s, Died: September 27th 1964 / Aged 61) Psychologist and researcher of extra-sensory perception. (ESP)

– Created the famous “Zenner cards” to test telepathic communication –


Nandor Fodor (Born: May 13th 1895, Work Began: 1934 / Age 39, Died: May 17th 1964 / Aged 69) Author and parapsychologist.

– Served as the London correspondent for the American Society for Psychical Research (1935-1939) –
– Joined The Ghost Club (1927) –


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[ Work Began 1940 ] :


Ivan Terence Sanderson (Born: January 30th 1911, Work Began: Early 1940s / Age 29-30’s, Died: February 19th 1973 / Aged 62) Biologist and Fortean researcher.

– Began Fortean writings (Early 1940s) –
⦁ Abominable Snowmen: Legend Come To Life (1961)
⦁ Things (essays) (1967)
⦁ More Things (essays) (1969)
⦁ Invisible Residents: The Reality of Underwater UFOs (1970)


Raymond Arthur Palmer (Born: August 1st 1910, Work Began: March 1945 / Age 34, Died: August 15th 1977 / Aged 67) Pulp fiction and Fortean publisher.


Kenneth Albert Arnold (Born: March 29th 1915, Work Began: 1947 / Age 32, Died: January 16th 1984 / Aged 68) UFO witness and researcher.

– Coined the term “Flying Saucer” after UFO sighting (June 1947)


Josef Allen Hynek (Born: May 1st 1910, Work Began: 1947 / Age 37, Died: April 27th 1986 / Aged 75) UFO Skeptic and researcher.


Ruth Ann Musick (Born: September 17th 1897, Work Began: 1948 / Age 51, Died: July 2nd 1974 / Aged 76) American author and folklorist specializing in West Virginia.

⦁ The Telltale Lilac Bush and Other West Virginia Ghost Tales (1965)


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[ Work Began 1950 ] :


Donald Edward Keyhoe (Born: June 20th 1897, Work Began: January 1950 / Age 53, Died: November 29th 1988 / Aged 91) Pulp fiction writer turned UFO researcher.


Thomas “Tom” Baker Slick Jr. (Born: May 6th 1916, Work Began: 1950s / Age 30s-40s, Died: October 6th 1962 / Aged 46) American adventurer, businessman and Abominable Snowman researcher.


Albert K. Bender (Born: June 16th 1921, Work Began: 1952 / Age 31, Died: March 29th 2016 / Aged 94) Pennsylvania UFO researcher.

– Founded the International Flying Saucer Bureau (1952) –
⦁ Space Review Newsletter (1952-53)
⦁ Flying Saucers And The Three Men (1962) (w/ Gray Barker)


Gray Roscoe Barker (Born: May 2nd 1925, Work Began: September 1952 / Age 27, Died: December 6th 1984 / Aged 59) West Virginia UFO researcher, publisher, storyteller and prankster.

– Investigated The Flatwoods Monster (Sept 1952) –
⦁ They Knew Too Much About Flying Saucers (1956)
⦁ The Silver Bridge (1970)
⦁ Men In Black: The Secret Terror Among Us (1983)


Coral Lorenzen (Born: 1925, Work Began: 1952 / Age 27, Died 1988 / Aged 63) UFO witness from Wisconsin turned Fortean researcher.

– Founded APRO in 1952 –
⦁ The Great Flying Saucer Hoax (1962)
⦁ Flying Saucers (1966)
⦁ Shadow of The Unknown (1970)


James Willett Moseley (Born: August 4th 1931, Work Began: 1953 / Age 22, November 16th 2012 / Aged 81) UFO researcher, skeptic and prankster.

⦁ Shockingly Close To The Truth (2002)


Leonard H. Stringfield (Born: 1920, Work Began: 1957 / Age 37, Died: December 18th 1994 / Aged 74) American UFO researcher.

– Joined NICAP (1957) –
⦁ Inside Saucer Post…3-0 Blue: A Summary Report (1957)


Bernard Heuvelmans (Born: October 10th 1916, Work Began: 1958 / Age 42, Died: 2011 / Aged 84) French monster researcher.


Roger Patterson (Born: February 14th 1933, Work Began: December 1959 / Age 26, Died: January 15th 1972 / Aged 39) California Sasquatch researcher and controversial filmmaker.

Do Abominable Snowmen of America Really Exist? (1966)
– Founded The Abominable Snowman Club of America (1966)
– Filmed the famous “Patterson-Gimlin” film with Bob Gimlin (Oct 20th 1967) –


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[ Work Began 1960 ] :


Frederick “Ted” William Holiday (Born: 1921, Work Began: August 1962 / Age 41, Died: 1979 Aged 59) English Loch Ness Monster researcher.

– Went to Loch Ness in attempt to get photos (August 1962) –
– Joined the Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau (LNPIB) (1963) –
⦁ The Great Orm of Loch Ness (1969)
⦁ The Dragon and the Disc (1973)
⦁ The Dyfed Enigma (1979)
⦁ The Goblin Universe (1986)


Hans Holzer (Born: January 26th 1920, Work Began: 1963 / Age 43, Died: April 26th 2009 / Aged 89) Austrian-American author and parapsychologist.


Grover Sanders Krantz (Born: November 5th 1931, Work Began: 1963 / Age 32, Died: February 14th 2002 / Aged 70) American anthropologist and sasquatch researcher.


Jacques Fabrice Vallee (Born: September 24th 1939, Work Began: 1964 / Age 25) UFO and fae researcher.

⦁ Passport to Magonia (1969)


Elliot Budd Hopkins (Born: June 15th 1931, Work Began: August 1964 / Age 33, Died: August 21st 2011 / Aged 80) UFO researcher.


Brad Steiger (Born: February 19th 1936, Work Began: 1965 / Age 29, Died: May 6th 2018 / Aged 82) Fortean researcher.


John Alva Keel (Born: March 25th 1930, Work Began: 1966 / Age 37, Died: July 3rd 2009 / Aged 79) New York writer turned Fortean researcher.

⦁ Jadoo (1957)
– Commissioned to write a UFO article (Early 1966) –
⦁ The Fickle Finger of Fate (1966)
– Arrived in Pt Pleasant WV to investigate Mothman (Dec 1966) –
⦁ Anomaly (newsletter) (1969-74)
⦁ Strange Creatures From Time And Space (SCFTAS) (1970)
⦁ Operation Trojan Horse (OTH) (1970)
⦁ Our Haunted Planet (1971)
⦁ The Mothman Prophecies (1975)
⦁ The Eighth Tower (1975)
⦁ Disneyland of the Gods (1988)

– Founded New York Fortean Society (NYFS) (1984-1989) –
⦁ The Complete Guide to Mysterious Beings (1994) (Revised version of SCFTAS)


Mary E. Hyre (Born: 1915, Work Began: November 1966 / Age 51, Died: February 15th 1970 / Aged 55) West Virginia reporter turned Fortean researcher.

⦁ Where The Waters Mingle (newspaper column of The Athens Messenger) (1966-70)


John Willison Green (Born: February 12th 1927, Work Began: 1968 / Age 41, Died: May 28th 2016 / Aged 89) Canadian journalist and sasquatch researcher.


Loren Coleman (Born: July 12th 1947, Work Began: Late 1960’s & Early 70’s / Age: Early 20s) Fortean researcher, monster investigator and museum founder.

The Unidentified (w/ Jerome Clark) (1975)
⦁ Creatures of The Outer Edge (w/ Jerome Clark) (1978)
⦁ Mysterious America (1983)
⦁ Cryptozoology A To Z (w/ Jerome Clark) (1999)
⦁ Mothman and other curious encounters (2002)
⦁ Mothman: Evil Incarnate (2017)


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[ Work Began 1970 ] :


Colin Wilson (Born: June 26th 1931, Work Began: 1971 / Age 40, Died: December 5th 2013 / Aged 82) English author and paranormal researcher.


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[ Work Began 1980 ] :


Rosemary Ellen Guiley (Born: July 8th 1950, Work Began: 1989 / Age 39, Died: July 18th 2019 / Age 69) Paranormal researcher.

Monsters of West Virginia: Mysterious Creatures in the Mountain State (2012)
⦁ The Big Book of West Virginia Ghost Stories (2014)
⦁ The Art of Black Mirror Scrying (2014)
⦁ Haunted Hills and Hollows: What Lurks in Greene County, PA (2018) (/w Kevin Paul)


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Organizations:


(1862 – Active) The Ghost Club. It was founded in London in 1862 and is considered the oldest organization dedicated to the investigation of ghosts and hauntings. Following the death of prominent early member Charles Dickens in 1870 the group dissolved but was then revitalized in 1882. Famous members included writer Arthur Conan Doyle and poet W. B. Yeats. The club is reportedly still active.


(1882 – Active) SPR – The Society for Psychical Research. It was founded in the United Kingdom in 1882 and is reportedly still active.


(1884 – Active) ASPR – The American Society for Psychical Research. It was founded in 1884 and reportedly continues.


(1926 – 1938) The National Laboratory of Psychical Research. It was established in London 1926 by Harry Price. It was disbanded by Price in 1938.


(1927 – Early 1990s) The Fairy Investigation Society. It was founded in Britain in 1927 by author Sir Quentin Craufurd and the artist Bernard Sleigh. It was dedicated to the research and documentation of fairy sightings. The society was inactive during World War II but was revitalized by Craufurd in 1949. In the 50’s there was reportedly over a hundred members. It became inactive and closed down in the early 1990s.


(1931 – 1959) Fortean Society. It was founded in 1931 by friends of Charles Fort and Fortean researchers including Tiffany Thayer. Eventually Thayer became the leader of the organization and the group went inactive with Thayer’s death in 1959. (The International Fortean Society then acquired their files)


(1952 – 1988) APRO – Aerial Phenomena Research Organization. It was founded in January 1952 by Coral Lorenzen and her husband James Lorenzen. The group was based in Tucson, Arizona. It remained active until late 1988 when Coral Lorenzen passed away.


(1952 – 1953) IFSB – International Flying Saucer Bureau. It was founded in 1952 by Albert K. Bender. It was dissolved in 1953 after Bender was supposedly visited by the Men In Black.


(1956 – 1980) NICAP – National Investigations Committee On Aerial Phenomena. It was founded by Donald Keyhoe in October 1956 and became defunct in 1980. (NICAP’s archives on UFO sightings were then reportedly purchased by CUFOS)


(1950s – Defunct) S.A.U.C.E.R.S. – Saucers And Unexplained Celestial Events Research Society. It was founded by James Moseley in the 1950s and is now reportedly defunct.


(1961 – Active) INFO – International Fortean Organization. It was founded in 1961 by brothers Ron and Paul Willis who acquired the files of the original Fortean Society. Reportedly still active.


(1962 – 1972) LNPIB – Loch Ness Phenomena Investigation Bureau. It was formed in UK 1962 by Norman Collins, R. S. R. Fitter, David James, Peter Scott and Constance Whyte. The society’s name was later shortened to the Loch Ness Investigation Bureau (LNIB) and it disbanded in 1972.


(1966 – Defunct) The Abominable Snowman Club of America. It was founded in 1966 by Roger Patterson and is now reportedly defunct.


(1973 – Active) CUFOS – Center for UFO Studies. It was founded in 1973 by J. Allen Hynek. Reportedly still active.


(1984 – 1989) NYFS – New York Fortean Society. It was founded in 1984 by Fortean author John Keel. It dissolved in 1989 due to a lack of funding.


(2020 – Active) The Appalachian Mystery Society – It was founded online in 2020 by folklore enthusiast and Fortean / Keelian researcher Mothman Historian.


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